HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is the standard language used to create web pages. It consists of a series of tags, enclosed in angle brackets, that are used to define the structure and content of a web page.
HTML consists of a series of tags, enclosed in angle brackets, that are used to define the structure and content of a web page. These tags indicate to the web browser how the content should be displayed and formatted. For example, the <p> tag is used to define a paragraph, the <h1> tag is used to define a heading, and the <img> tag is used to insert an image.
HTML documents are plain text files with the .html or .htm file extension. They can be created using any text editor, and are typically viewed in a web browser.
HTML has evolved over time, with new versions being released to add new features and capabilities. The current version of HTML is HTML5, which was first released in 2014. It introduced new tags and features that enable developers to create more dynamic and interactive websites.
The basic structure of an HTML document includes the following tags:
- <!DOCTYPE> – declares the type of document
- <html> – defines the document as an HTML document
- <body> – contains the visible content of the web page
Within the <body> tag, you can use various tags to structure and format the content of the web page, such as:
- <h1> to <h6> – defines headings
- <p> – defines a paragraph
- <a> – defines a link
- <img> – inserts an image
- <ul> and <li> – creates a bulleted list
- <ol> and <li> – creates a numbered list
- <div> – creates a container for other elements
- <span> – creates a container for a small piece of text
To create a simple HTML document, you can start with the following template:
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <title>My Web Page</title> </head> <body> <h1>Welcome to my web page!</h1> <p>Here is some sample text.</p> <a href="https://www.example.com">Visit our website</a> </body> </html>
You can learn more about HTML by visiting W3Schools website (https://www.w3schools.com/) or MDN web docs (https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/HTML) which have interactive examples and tutorials that cover all the important topics of HTML and web development.